Attract Spicebush Swallowtail Butterflies and Caterpillars

The Spicebush Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio troilus) is beautiful and environmentally significant. To save Spicebush Swallowtail butterflies and caterpillars and appreciate their beauty, create a butterfly habitat in your yard.  

Spicebush and sassafras swallowtail caterpillars eat these plants. These native bushes feed caterpillars and attract Spicebush Swallowtail eggs to your yard.  

1. Plant-host plants

Adult Spicebush Many flowers feed swallowtail butterflies. Grow nectar-rich butterfly bush (Buddleja), milkweed (Asclepias), purple coneflower (Echinacea), and verbena to attract and feed adult butterflies.  

2. Provide Nectar Plants

Butterfly-friendly garden design. Include sunny, shaded, and sheltered spots for sunning and resting. Butterfly water dishes with rocks and mineral mud pools.  

3. Make it Butterfly-Friendly

Stop using garden pesticides, especially ones that kill butterflies and caterpillars. Promote pest control with birds and beneficial insects and organic pest management.  

4. Avoid Pesticides

Native plants attract Spicebush Swallowtail butterflies. Butterfly populations benefit from familiar food and surroundings. Build a diverse, healthy environment with native plants.  

5. Keep native plants

Spicebush Swallowtail caterpillars can also live on tulip tree, sweetbay magnolia, and prickly ash.  

6. Offer Host Plant Variety

Share your butterfly knowledge and enthusiasm. Inform your family, friends, and community about butterfly conservation and how to develop butterfly habitats. Notice Spicebush Swallowtails in your garden and admire them.  

7. Teach and Enjoy

Also See

How Does a Butterfly Survive Winter?