Do not Overlook the Lovely Luna Moth

Do not Overlook the Lovely Luna Moth : Moths are often overlooked by people, despite the fact that a large number of people are interested in attracting butterflies to their gardens. A common misconception about moths is that they are dull in colour, too little to be of interest, or that they will gnaw on people’s sweaters.


Do not Overlook the Lovely Luna Moth

However, this is a stereotype that only applies to a select few kinds of moths. There are, in point of fact, a great number of wonderful moths that are colourful and present throughout the world. Is it one of the most beloved? A gem of a pale green colour, the luna moth, also known as Actias luna, may be found all over the eastern United States and Canada.

How to Identify a Luna Moth

This night-flying moth is rather huge and has wings that are a light green colour and span more than four inches in width. It also has tails that reach an inch or two from the bottom of the wing. In accordance with the time and location of the moth’s hatching, the four wings may be lined with either yellow or pink.

These lengthy tails are a feature of the defence strategy that the luna moth employs. Predators such as bats will direct their attention towards the insect’s bright tails, which the moth can readily remove without much difficulty. As a means of defence, the eyespots that are reddish-brown in colour on their wings. When viewed in the dark, the eyespots on the luna moth give the impression that it is a much larger insect.


In spite of the fact that male and female luna moths appear to be quite similar to one another, it is possible to differentiate between the two by observing their antennae, which are comb-like on four sides. When it comes to detecting the pheromones that females emit during the mating process, men have extensive antennae that are feathery and yellow-green in colour. On the other hand, female antennae are considerably more slender, spindly, and blue-green in colour (a female is depicted above).


Luna Moth Facts

A butterfly-like appearance can be seen in this moth at first inspection. Its appealing image was featured on a postage stamp that was published in 1987 and served as the brand emblem for a well-known sleep drug.

Another interesting fact about the luna moth is that it was given the name “luna” in the year 1758. Its name is derived from the moon-like patches that are translucent and can be seen on its wings. Luna has maintained its connection to the cosmos, despite the fact that its scientific name has changed since then.

Caterpillars and Host Plants

One of the most remarkable characteristics of the Luna moth family, which belongs to the Saturniidae family of silk moths, is that adult moths do not consume food during their entire lives since they do not have any mouth parts that are functional. To mate is the sole reason they continue to survive.

They get all of the energy they require from the fat that they have stored from when they were caterpillars. In addition to the leaves of birch, walnut, hickory, pecan, persimmon, and sweet gum trees, the caterpillars of the brilliant green luna moth consume the leaves of other trees.


The caterpillars, which are brilliant green and three inches long, might be as thick as a thumb. It is quite rare for members of this species to deviate from the host plants, regardless of the stage they are in.


Luna Moth Cocoon

Before they create a papery cocoon, the caterpillars consume food for a considerable amount of time. Each year, there are three generations of luna moths in the southern region. In the middle of their range, there are two generations, however in the far north, there is only one generation that occurs each year.

In the event that they hatch early in the season, Luna caterpillars remain in their cocoons for a period of two to three weeks. Insects that hatch in the late summer or fall spend the winter tucked away in their cocoons, and they emerge from their cocoons when spring arrives.

Where to Spot a Luna Moth

The Luna moth is a species that is unique to North America and can be found in the eastern United States and Canada. It is not unusual for the majority of luna moths in a certain region to emerge less than a week or two apart from one another, particularly in the northern regions. Consequently, this results in the emergence of thousands of luna moths from their cocoons virtually simultaneously in certain locations. The mating process starts after midnight.

It is common for females to remain motionless, which makes it easier for males to locate them. In a matter of hours, the females will be prepared to lay eggs on the plants that serve as their hosts. They are capable of laying approximately 200 eggs at a time. Over the course of around five days, the typical adult luna moth will have mated, laid eggs, and ultimately passed away. This process will continue for several more nights.


Due to the fact that they do not wish to expend energy travelling long distances, Luna moths rarely venture too far away from their host plants. Unless they happen to live in close proximity to a birch grove or have a huge hickory, walnut, or sweetgum tree in their yard, many people are unlikely to ever come across more than one of these trees.

For those who are interested in seeing an ancient trick of the trade, you can give it a shot. In order to illuminate your backyard, you should hang a white sheet and throw a powerful spotlight on it. It is common for this to bring a wide variety of nighttime insects to visit. (It is important to keep in mind that artificial light can be a distraction to moths, who shouldn’t be doing this for extended periods of time because they should be concentrating on successfully mating.)

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